Neotoma SPP. meaning "rodent that cuts with its teeth"
Ranges – brown, gray, black
10-16 ounces; same size as Norway Rat
7 inches; shorter than the body
Thick, rounded body; professionals describe as a "giant hamster"; very long, soft, fine fur
Bulging black eyes
½ inch long; oval shaped; found in piles
Signs of Woodrat Damage
Droppings, gnaw marks, and urine odors are just a few signs of rat activity.
Rat traps are an effective method of non-toxic rat control. There are 3 types of rat traps commonly used for rodent control: Snap Traps, Glue Traps, and Electronic Traps.
These mechanical traps provide a quick solution to a rodent control problem and can be used many times. One advantage of rat traps is the ability to "recover" the rat to confirm its elimination.
The most important technique for effective trapping is good trap placement in areas of high rodent activity. Because Woodrats are interested in new objects in their environment, they will readily interact with a well-placed trap containing enticing bait.
Woodrat infestations usually do not involve large numbers of animals, so they can typically be controlled with trapping alone.
Most of the techniques used to combat Roof Rats and Deer Mice are applicable to the management of Woodrats.
Thus, particular attention should be applied to roof and eaves areas, attics and soffits. Overhanging trees and vegetation limbs must be cut back from rooftops by 6 feet.
To adequately keep Woodrats out of your home, all openings need to be sealed off - remember rats only need an opening of ½ inch or the size of a nickel to gain entry to your home.
In addition to exclusion, careful storage of foods and elimination of clutter are valuable steps in the fight to control rats.