In the past century alone, more than 10 million people have died from rodent-borne diseases. Although rodents are not major threats to our everyday health, it is justified to be concerned over the potential for rodents to transmit diseases. By their very nature and design, rodents make excellent “vehicles” for harboring and rapidly transporting diseases.


Lyme Disease | Salmonella | RBF | Hantavirus | Typhus | Plague | Pox

Lyme Disease 

Skin lesions, fever, headaches, arthralgias

All rodents; most commonly deer mice

Rodent tick bite

This is the most common and widespread tick-borne disease in the U.S.

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Salmonella (Food Poisoning) 

Causes intestinal disorders

Rats, Mice

Rodent feces contamination

The World Health Organization estimates that 20% of food is destroyed or contaminated every year by rodents

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Rat-Bite Fever 

Relapsing fever that may last several months

Rats, Mice

Bacteria in mouth and nose of rodent, transmitted via bite or scratch

Occurs worldwide, but is most common in Asia

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Flu-like symptoms, renal failure, severe respiratory distress

Various rodents; primarily deer mice

In feces, urine, body fluids

HV outbreak in 1994 resulted in more than 50 death in 17 states. At least 7 different strains of HV have been identified

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Fever, headache, rash, respiratory attack

Rats, Mice

Rat flea bite

Port cities or riverine environments, often serve as havens for rats harboring fleas.

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Attacks circulatory & respiratory systems

Various rodents

Rodent flea bite or by handling an infected animal

Millions of people in Europe died from plague in the Middle Ages; Plague still occurs in many parts of the world

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Pox (Rickettsial) 

Lesion followed by fever, headache, rash

House Mouse

Bite of a mite which lives on mice

An outbreak of this disease occurred in 1946 in housing developments in New York City which were overrun with mite-infested mice

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Best mouse and rat traps